Messages of Media Education Center, Armenia
Messages of Media Education Center, Armenia, in relation to EuroDIG 2015 workshop 1 on "Should I click for Internet governance? Where?":
1. To be active participant in Internet Governance means having capabilities to participate in political processes governing our lives.
2. People should become active participants in digital society since participation can improve their lives, enlarge their choices and freedoms.
3. Participation of various stakeholder groups in Internet Governance decision making increases the likelihood of success of elaborated policies.
4. In order Internet access empowers individuals or communities; their use should occur within capabilities development context.
5. Technologies used in the context of capabilities development are likely to have positive impacts on problems existing in societies.
6. Is access enough to empower stakeholders? Does the presence of a free ICT sector automatically strengthen the civil society & democracy in different states? Is there difference between East and West, developed and developing countries?
7. Do macroeconomic development and the growth of economy automatically improve the level of democracy?
8. Shouldn't be more emphasis placed on the human capital for accomplishing a country's innovative potential?
9. What skills & capabilities do people need to better participate in their societies & gain from new opportunities opened by ICTs (such as, e-health, e-governance, e-finances, e-learning)?
10. Recent researches show, people engaged in digital media literacy programs have higher civic engagement skills than average.
11. We can’t say that access is enough to empower people. Thus, zero-rated access to social networks may create new divides between haves and have-nots.
12. Access issues need to be re-assessed in terms of skills & capabilities which people need to better participate in their societies.
13. Access issues need to be extended to include literacies: people should be empowered to create their own content in their local languages.
14. Researches show that only access to a plurality of sources of information on diverse media platforms can empower users by helping to develop their content creation skills.
15. How to ensure the Internet and ICTs drive democratic movements, and not only empower powerful elites? What strategies are required?
16. Top-down approaches proved to be unsuccessful in considering diverse groups' interests and needs (marginalized, vulnerable, etc) and particular circumstances in various countries.
17. Top-down approaches usually serve interests of powerful elites. To avoid this people should be engaged in developing strategies.
18. New technologies can replace older technologies & older ways of doing things without making any change in the society.
19. ICTs can be used to curtail freedoms, increase control over societies, fuel hatred, violence. ICTs can be turned into instruments of surveillance and oppression.
20. The spread of ICTs could result in new forms of inequalities, since only powerful elites can benefit from them.
21. Participation should be at the heart of the process of development of national strategies.
22. ICTs used in the context of empowerment & participation of all stakeholders can promote change in the societies helping to solve existing problems.