WS 2: Confronting the digital divide (1) - Internet access and/as human rights for minorities

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Please use your own words to describe this session. You may use external references, websites or publications as a source of information or inspiration, if you decide to quote them, please clearly specify the source.


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Session teaser

If human rights indeed should apply online as they do offline (UNHRC 2014) then what sort of techno-legal and sociocultural challenges arise in order to enable, and protect the rights of minorities (persons with disabilities, migrants, refugees or other disadvantaged or excluded groups) to access the internet and, once online, to be able to participate fully in the online environment?

Session description

This session is the first of two workshops looking at internet access and/as human rights. It will be addressing a range of social, legal, and technical issues at the intersection of human rights and internet access (including physical and mobile access points and the means to fully engage with, and enjoy services once online) for minorities, broadly defined. The session will consider themes such as:

  1. Perceptions around access for people with disabilities as a separate rather than an integral element to the intersection of technical and policy-based dimensions to human rights-based internet design and term of use; e.g. when and how policy agendas need to account for the technical aspects to ensuring that online content is accessible to people with various disabilities, and to account for these features as they are developed collaboratively by the technical community and people with disabilities.
  2. Regulatory and commercial environments as enabling, and reasons for when they may be obstructive; e.g. consider how to reconcile the needs and design requirements of disadvantaged communities with varying regulatory requirements around who funds and supports roll-out of applications and software that can mandate appropriate technical solutions respectively.
  3. Terms of Reference: Reconsidering what we mean by both “access” and “minorities” and their implicit relationship to human rights frameworks for internet governance: read more.
  4. Sociocultural and Techno-legal Contexts: Consider how wider contexts in which policy-makers, commercial and government service providers set agendas around access and terms of use. read more.
  5. The Future of Public access. How can access to the internet, and once online to a full range of goods and services be supported by public institutions and in public spaces? read more

Themes for this workshop, in tandem with Workshop 10, draw on the following submissions to the EuroDIG program: ID 11; 55; 60; 90; 30; 33; 41; 132

Keywords

refugeerights, internetaccess, netrights, humanrights, refugeesandminorities, digitaldivide, digitalinclusion, disabilityrights, publicaccess

Format

  1. Brief Opening remarks from invited participants followed by an Open Mic Discussion
  2. Time permitting, break-out groups and reporting back on 1-2 action points

Further reading

Links to relevant websites, declarations, books, documents.

People

  • Focal Point: Marianne Franklin, Internet Rights and Principles Coalition/Goldsmiths (University of London, UK)
  • Key participants

Initial Remarks

  • Charles McCathie-Nevile (Yandex)
  • Kiamars Baghbani (IFLA)
  • Ruth Hennell (Youth)
  • Valentina Pellizzer (One World Platform)

Followed by Comments from

  • Valentina Pellizzer (One World Platform)
  • Olivier Crepin-Leblond (Technical Community)
  • Didier van der Meeren (Le Monde des Possibles ASBL)
  • Ruth Hennell (Youth/University Cardiff)
  • Minority Rights Group International Representative
  • Internet Society Representative
  • Moderator: Marianne Franklin, Internet Rights and Principles Coalition/Goldsmiths (University of London, UK)
  • Remote moderator: Hanane Boujemi, Hivos/Internet Rights and Principles Coalition
  • Org team
    • Charles McCathie-Nevile, Yandex
    • Andreas Palmqvist, Civil Society (Sweden)
    • Didier van der Meeren, Le Monde des Possibles ASBL
    • Dixie Hawtin, Minority Rights Group International
    • Frederick Donck, Internet Society (ISOC)
    • Hanane Boujemi, Hivos/IRP Coalition)
    • Julia Brungs, International Federation of Library Associations (IFLA)
    • Julia Reda, MEP
    • Justus Roemeth, European Parliament
    • Karmen Turk, TRINITI Estonia
    • Maarit Palovirta, ISOC
    • Marianne Franklin, IRP Coalition/Goldsmiths
    • Mattias Bjarnemalm, European Parliament
    • Olivier Crepin-Leblond, GIH
    • Ruth Hennell, Youth/University of Cardiff
    • Sebastian Raible, European Parliament
    • Stephen Wyber, IFLA
    • Stuart Hamilton, IFLA
    • Valentina Pellizzer, One World Platform
    • Wolf Ludwig, EuroDIG Programme Director
    • Yuliya Morenets, TaC International
  • Reporter: Minda Moreira, Internet Rights and Principles Coalition

Current discussion

See the discussion tab on the upper left side of this page.

Conference call. Schedules and minutes

Both Workshop 2 and 10 have emerged out of an interactive drafting and conferral process online

Supplementary discussions via the email list.

Mailing list

Contact: ws2@eurodig.org

Video Record

See the video record in our youtube channel

Transcript

Transcript: Confronting the digital divide (1) - Internet access and/as human rights for minorities

Messages

  • Each one of us is, or can be part of a minority at any one time, the term therefore is not just about numbers, rather is about resources and relative position.
  • Access is not just about a physical connection or terms of use, but also about informed consent, related skills and education, and therefore about having the capacity to fully participate online.
  • Commercial and regulatory designs need to consider much more creatively the needs of all minorities in order to facilitate full access and enjoyment of the internet. Internet companies share this responsibility whilst governments have a duty to enable the full enjoyment of human rights online for all users.
  • Libraries play an important role in enabling and sustaining public access. Despite cuts in funding librarians can help provide people with the knowledge and skills to acquire capacity to fully participate online.
  • We should all care about minorities, human rights, and internet access. The more included people can be to necessary internet services, the more they can make a contribution to society, generate innovation, and sustain socioeconomic well-being.
  • Governments have a positive obligation to support full access for all communities to the online environment based on an internet that is affordable, accessible, diverse, and inclusive, hence multilingualism and interoperability are integral features.

Session twitter hashtag

Hashtag: #eurodig16 #minoritiesinternet