Quantum technologies – from basic research to market – Pre 03 2020
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The first quantum revolution resulted in ground-breaking technologies such as the transistor and the laser, which are now part of our daily technological life. Now, the better understanding and control of the quantum laws of nature is paving the way for second quantum revolution. Four are the pillars, which are emerging:
- Quantum Communication: the ability to transfer information in a provably secure way.
- Quantum Sensing: a new generation of sensor capable of outperforming most devices currently used.
- Quantum Computers: a new generation of computes capable of exponential speedup with respect to existing ones.
- Quantum Simulators: quantum devices which can efficiently simulate complex systems.
Quantum Technologies will be of a paramount importance for many sectors of the economy, from security to defence, agriculture, pharmaceutical product, material design, finance, weather forecast, big data analysis, and more. During this session different aspects of the technology and of its applications to the internet, from IT security, including encryption will be discussed.
The long-term vision is for a “Quantum Internet”: quantum computers, simulators and sensors interconnected via quantum networks distributing information and quantum resources such as coherence and entanglement to secure our digital infrastructure. The session, moderated by Angelo Bassi (University of Trieste), will present the upcoming Quantum Technologies, with a focus on quantum communication. It will have the following structure:
1. Stefano Ruffo (Director of SISSA) "Welcome address" [5 min]
2. Mauro Paternostro (Queen’s University Belfast and deputy Chair of the COST Action QTSpace: Quantum Technologies in Space) "Quantum Technologies: the second quantum revolution" [15 min]
Abstract. I will introduce the transition from the first quantum revolution, when the laws of quantum physics have been introduced, to the second one, which has unveiled the possibility to harness such laws to achieve important technological advantages. I will briefly review the trip that took us from some of the first quantum algorithms to the demonstration of quantum operations performed with a device comprising more than 50 information carriers. The perspective to shift the quantum technology framework to space applications will be briefly discussed.
3. Eleni Diamanti (CNRS, Sorbonne University) “Quantum communication for the quantum internet” [15 min]
Abstract. Quantum communication aims at transferring quantum information through communication channels between distant parties. The long-term objective in this broad field of quantum technologies is to advance towards a global Quantum Communication Infrastructure, including both terrestrial and space segments, enabling a wide range of services and applications, from securing communication via quantum key distribution (QKD) to connect quantum devices such as computers and sensors for powerful distributed tasks in a future quantum internet. In this presentation, we will review the main concepts and technologies related to this objective for QKD networks and beyond, highlight relevant use cases and outline the European initiatives in this direction for the next years.
4. Alessandro Zavatta (INO-CNR) “Experimental challenges in implementing quantum communication on ground” [15 min]
Abstract. Quantum key distribution (QKD) is today the sole technology able to guarantee information-theoretical security in the transmission of sensitive data and confidential information. Conversely to standard cryptography, QKD has the advantage of being independent of all future advances in both classical and quantum computing. We will discuss the main challenges and the future perspectives of QKD implementations in optical fiber networks.
5. Martin Ward (ETSI) “Towards the standardization of quantum communications” [15 min]
Abstract. An important part of introducing any new communications technology is the development of standards for the security and interoperability of products and services. This is as true for quantum communications as it is for other telecommunications technology. I will discuss the increasing work in Standards Development Organisations to address QKD, including activities within ETSI's dedicated Industry Specification Group, and the challenges presented by QKD.
6. Giorgio Giorgetti (University of Trieste) “LightNet: the Trieste high speed optical-fiber infrastructure and the new FVG regional research network” [7 min]
Abstract. The University of Trieste is currently the leading institution within the LightNet cooperation agreement, established in 2006 by the academic and research community of Trieste and GARR. The main goal of the LightNet association is to plan, manage and operate his own local Research and Educational Network infrastructure, implementing the most technically advanced solutions available in the field of fibre optic communications. The network connects to the GARR backbone the institutions involved in such a cooperation, linking together various facilities composed by offices, laboratories, libraries, observatories, a synchrotron, a science park and many other research facilities, supporting multiple applications such as Big Data transfers and analysis, e-learnig, multimedia, visual and performing arts, high energy physics, radio astronomy, earth observation and supercomputing. The LightNet network is a widespread infrastructure, based on the acquisition of about 350 km of dark fiber and the use of self-operated telecommunication devices. At present, the network covers the whole territory of Trieste and is also directly connected to ARNES with two Cross Border Fibre links with Slovenia. Thanks to a 1.5M € contribution from the FVG Regional Government, an expansion of the infrastructure towards a regional extension is underway, together with the co-involvement of new institutions such as the University of Udine. The direct management of the infrastructure has always been a key factor in LightNet and allowed LightNet’s institutions to experiment new transmission technologies like quantum communication. During the presentation LightNet will be briefly exhibited, together with the regional expansion under development.
7. Question time, moderated by Angelo Bassi (University of Trieste) [17 min]
The session will be a round table where experts provide presentations and answer questions by the audience.
- Angelo Bassi - University of Trieste - Moderator
- Roberto Gaetano - EURALO
Organising Team (Org Team)
- Angelo Bassi
- Roberto Gaetano
- Giorgio Giorgetti
- Stefano Ruffo
- Angelo Bassi is Professor of Physics at the University of Trieste. He was awarded the degree in Physics at the University of Trieste in 1998 and the Ph.D. in Physics in 2001. Subsequently he was Post Doc at the ICTP in Trieste and Marie-Curie Fellow at the LMU Munich. In 2006 he became staff member of the Department of Physics of the University of Trieste, where now he is associate professor. He published 100+ articles in international Journals. He is co-organizer of 20+ international conferences, workshops, schools on Quantum Mechanics and related topics. He was invited speaker at 40+ international conferences and schools. He is Chair of the COST Action “QTSpace: Quantum Technologies in Space” and PI of the FET project ”TEQ: Testing the Large scale Limits of Quantum Mechanics”.
- Eleni Diamanti is a CNRS researcher director at the LIP6 laboratory of Sorbonne University in Paris. She received her Diploma in Electrical and Computer Engineering from the National Technical University of Athens in 2000 and her PhD in Electrical Engineering from Stanford University in 2006. She then worked as a Marie Curie post-doc at the Institute of Optics Graduate School in Palaiseau before joining the CNRS in 2009. She is vice director of the Paris Centre for Quantum Computing, steering committee member of the French regional and national networks on Quantum Technologies, and elected member of the Board of Stakeholders of the European Public Private Partnership in Photonics.
- Giorgio Giorgetti graduated from the University of Trieste in Electronic Engineering, specializing in Telecommunications in 2001. Since then, he works in the field of academic networks and research. At present, he is responsible for the Network Services Staff Unit which manages the network infrastructure and services of the University of Trieste. He is the Director of LightNet, the cooperation agreement for the regional Research and Educational network infrastructure.
- Mauro Paternostro is Professor of Quantum Optics and Quantum Information Science, and a Royal Society Wolfson Research Fellow at the School of Mathematics and Physics, Queen’s University Belfast. He works on quantum information processing, quantum optomechanics, quantum optics and non-equilibrium quantum dynamics. His work has driven proof-of-principle experiments demonstrating fundamental aspects of quantum computation, quantum control at the mesoscopic level, and quantum thermodynamics.
- Stefano Ruffo is full professor of condensed matter physics and Director of SISSA. He has tutored 18 Master Thesis and 11 PhD Thesis in Italy and abroad. He has directed the research of 15 post-docs. His research field is statistical physics and complex systems. In this area of research, he has given contributions to Hamiltonian dynamics, cellular automata, space-time chaos, long-range interactions, immune system and DNA modelling. He has published over 160 papers on refereed journals which have received more than 4200 citations (h=34, ISI-WoS). He has visited several institutions: Oxford University, CPT-CNRS Marseille, P. Sabatier University in Toulouse, Ecole Normale Superieure Lyon, University of California at Berkeley, Kyoto University. He is Editor of Communications in Nonlinear Science and Numerical Simulations (Elsevier) and member of the Editorial Board of Physica A (Elsevier). He has been Weston Visiting Professor at the Weizmann Institute of Science (2009-2010) and Excellence Chair at the Physics Laboratory of the Ecole Normale Superieure in Lyon (2011-2013). He has been the Chairman of the C3 Commission (Statistical Physics) of the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics (IUPAP) and Vice-President of the IUPAP for the triennium 2012-2014.
- Martin Ward is a Senior Research Scientist for Toshiba Europe working in their Cambridge Research Laboratory in the UK. He has over 15 years of research experience on quantum photonic sources, quantum optics and quantum key distribution, including electrically driven quantum dot single photon emission and entangled photon pair sources at telecom wavelengths. Within ETSI he is currently Secretary of ISG QKD and also participates in QKD standardisation work within ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 27/WG 3 and ITU-T.
- Alessandro Zavatta is a Research Scientist of the Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche at the National Institute of Optics in Florence (Italy). His research activities fall in the emerging field of quantum technologies, spacing from fundamental tests of quantum mechanics to the realization of innovative quantum optical devices for quantum communications and quantum key distribution. He is currently the Principal Investigator of a NATO SPS project “Secure Quantum Communications through submarine optical fibre link between Italy and Malta”.