Openness, rights and access
Back to: Thematic fields
This is a possible cluster of topic proposals. There are a number of sub-clusters due to the multitude of submissions. These could be:
Proposals 6, 11, 19, 63
Proposals 58, 83, 91, 94
Proposals 23, 53, 55, 60, 61
Proposals 30, 31, 32, 34, 35, 36, 38, 47, 67, 80, 90
Proposals 8, 14, 22, 33, 42, 52, 64, 74, 77, 79
Property rights and protection – changing contract rules and open access (only one proposal, maybe somewhere else)
|No||Name||Affil./Org.||SH-group||Topic and sub-issues||Description||Remarks|
|6||Frederic Donck||Internet Society ISOC, Europe||Technical Community||Open standards and governance
||1. Open Standards & Public Policy/Governance
2. Privacy & Data Protection
3. Privacy And Mass Surveillance
4. Local Content And Copyright
5. Net Neutrality
6. Privacy And New Business Models
|8||Janne Elvelid||Committee for Digitization, Sweden||Govern. Org.||The unbalance of data -- How our lives are shaped based on data. Unbalance between individuals and governments / businesses in terms of access to and control over personal data.||The digitals aspects of our lives have gone from simple, definable and isolated to become large, important and complex parts integrated to all aspects of our lives. This renders enormous quantities of data that in turn are shaping our lives and the world we meet. Today we have a situation where the power over how this world around us lies in the hands of governments and businesses, not in the hands of individuals. This balance has to be leveled out. We will shape education, media, services and most things of our lives based on data. We need to make sure that individuals have the right and possibility to access and alter data about themselves, to be able to control their own life.|
|11||Gry Hasselbalch Lapenta||The Thinktank Digital Youth, Denmark||Youth||When the public sphere became private -- What kind of public democratic sphere do we aim for? How has it evolved? How are rights limited? And responsibilities expanded?
||The public sphere is evolving into a predominantly privately owned and commercial space. Young people are learning and interacting in a public sphere where “public” rules and rights to a certain extend are limited or do not apply. Two recent surveys conducted by the Danish thinktank Digital Youth in 2013 (www.digitaleunge.dk) illustrate how social media today have become the infrastructure of young people’s social everyday lives. They also perceive social media profiles as an inseparate extension of themselves into this new type of public sphere and they generally accept that in order to be part of the public social sphere, they must consent to give up their right to further use of their data.|
|14||Susie Hargreaves||Internet Watch Foundation, UK||Civil Society||Self-Regulation and Human Rights -- How do you ensure that self-regulatory bodies are human rights compliant?||What are the challenges, check and balances?
What are the advantages and disadvantages of self-regulation on the internet?
Can good practice be universally applied?
|19||Sivasubramanian Muthusamy||Internet Society India Chennai||Technical community||Europe for Free and Open Internet||On the Theme: Role of Europe as a continent of people who value Liberty, Equality and Oneness in leading the rest of the World to embrace policies that would keep the Internet free and open. A specific proposal: EuroDig 2014 could examine the effect of Europe\'s policies and positions on Nations outside Europe. What are the good and bad examples of Europe\'s policy positions concerning the Internet?|
|22||Xianhong Hu||UNESCO||Intern. Org.||Promote freedom of expression and privacy on Internet -- Role of Internet intermediaries in promoting online human rights such as freedom of expression and privacy||Internet intermediaries play a unique role in linking authors of content and audiences. They may either protect or jeopardize end user rights to free expression, given their role in capturing, storing, searching, sharing, transferring and processing large amount of information, data and user-generated content. It is important to identify principles for good practices and processes that are consistent with international standards for free expression that Internet intermediaries may follow in order to protect the human rights of end users online.|
|23||Stuart Hamilton||International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA)||Civil society||The Internet and Development: Access, Inclusion and Empowerment -- Public access to ICTs – Access to information for all – The post-2015 development framework||Within an IG context IFLA has consistently advocated for public access to ICTs as a key enabling element for access to information and therefore for development. We propose that this issue be explored in its broadest context at EuroDIG, against the backdrop of the post-2015 development framework that UN Member States will create following the reviews of the MDGs and WSIS. EuroDIG should assess how IG can contribute to the framework particularly as ALL Member States (not just developing countries) will be developing policies to implement the post-2015 framework in the coming years.|
|30||Narine Khachatryan||Media Education Center, Armenia||Academia||Media and Digital Literacy||The need to expand the scope of Media & Digital Literacy Programs with regard to new technological & social challenges posed by evolving digital environments. Information overload & web personalisation, marketing on children & targeted advertizing, new mechanisms for constructing and manufacturing realities. What competencies should be developed in knowledge societies?|
|31||Lidia de Reese||fragFINN e.V. / non-profit, Germany||Youth||Positive Content and Services for Young People
- support and promote good content and services for children
- kids’ participation
- encourage sustainability
|Positive online content & services allow children to explore the Internet in a safe way and offer them the opportunity to learn, have fun, be creative and discover new abilities. The key questions focus on characteristics of positive content and how to publicly promote it and support its producers: What can producers of online content for children do to provide them with positive experiences and make it accessible to their target group? How can online content and services enable children to express their thoughts and opinions in a creative way and to participate in societal activities (civic, political)? What does it take to strengthen the internet landscape for children, to inspire more quality content, to promote it among children, parents and teachers and to ensure long-lasting funding?|
|32||Martin Drechsler||FSM Freiwillige Selbstkontrolle Multimedia Diensteanbieter e.V. / fragFINN, Germany||Business||Better Internet for kids
- multi-stakeholder responsibility
- societal engagement
- media education
|For years, creating a better Internet for kids has been an overarching topic for policy makers, companies, institutions and citizens throughout Europe. As it is a topic of great relevance for all of us, fruitful discussions should also be expected outside the traditional child protection communities and ideally initiate an approach of shared responsibility and engagement among all relevant stakeholders.|
|33||Mario Oetheimer||EU Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA)||Europ. Org.||Challenges of cyberhate||The internet can easily be used as a platform for hate and harassment. FRA research has shown that online hate crime is of particular concern. Recent FRA surveys (EU LGBT Survey, FRA survey on gender-based violence against women and FRA survey on discrimination and hate crimes against Jews) provide data supporting this. EURODIG should address this issue and provide a platform of discussion and possibly concrete follow-up actions that various stakeholders could agree upon. While FRA could provide a presentation of its survey data, a multi-stakeholder discussion could look into solutions and good practices to reduce the level of hate on the internet.|
|34||Martin Drechsler||FSM Freiwillige Selbstkontrolle Multimedia Diensteanbieter e.V. / fragFINN, Germany||Business||Child Safety
- parental control: awareness, discussion, accessibility, acceptance
- technical, machine-readable age labels
- protection vs censorship
- the role of parents
- safety by design.
|Child protection and freedom of speech and information seem equally relevant. Technical means can help (FSM video: http://youtu.be/lq0X-Baf7_g) when used wisely. It is time to broaden the view and to share the discussion with a wider audience.
|35||Jutta Croll||I-KiZ, Zentrum fÃ¼r Kinderschutz im Internet||Govern. Org.||Intelligent risk management in a mobile online environment -- How can adults in charge of minors fulfil their duty of parenting while at the same time respecting the rights of the child?||Joint proposal by I-KiZ, klicksafe and Google. Broadband infrastructure anywhere and high usability of tablets and smart phones are driving the fast growing mobile Internet usage among children and youths. Adults in charge of minors are asking for technical support to protect their children. But young people too are holding fundamental human rights like privacy and freedom of speech. With parental control tools often monitoring of children\'s usage habits comes along that is an intolerable intrusion into their privacy. Intelligent risk management should comprise both: protection of children and empowerment of youths. To be discussed: the current educational situation in families, media literacy of parents, parental control tools, new strategies like Safety by Design and the legal framework of children’s rights and parents duties.|
|36||Helena Cebrian||iCmedia||Civil society||Children protection
|We would like Eurodig to include minor’s protection among the different topics of this year’s agenda. iCmedia supports that websites aimed at children should introduce some sort of content labeling or rating system which would help parents and school teachers likewise. This tool would help tutors and parents decide whether an online content is suitable for their children, as it happens with movies’ rating system in some European countries. We would also like to discuss about EPG (electronic program guides) for direct TV and other new ways of TV broadcasting. Certain rules would help users avoid undesirable content. Modern, easy-to-use and useful warning systems should be implemented. Media literacy in schools and in other stages of life is today more needed than ever before.|
|38||Barbara Lillu||European NGO Alliance for Child Safety Online||Civil society||Child’s Protection Online -- How the digital environment impacts on children as economic actors: implications and opportunities?||Internet is an essential element of children‘s lives. It has vast potential to positively generate new patterns of expression and communication. However, kids also experience a variety of unwanted consequences, such as Cyber-bullying and new forms of sexual predation and harassment. Less dramatic than these, though also potentially damaging, are companies’ monetization strategies that target children’s unique emotions and inexperience such as mining data to be used in tailoring ad and marketing campaigns directed at them. Currently, few restraints govern these and other kinds of questionable practices. Mindful of the importance of keeping the Internet as free as possible, it is nonetheless crucial to begin a discussion about how children might be protected from such practices.||(submitted twice)|
|42||Manuel Braga Monteiro||Deutsche Telecom AG||Business||Cybersecurity, Routing, Global Internet Principles, need for multi-lateral rules for the internet must replacing the dominant influence of few actors, protection of human rights, fundamental freedoms.||The Internet has rapidly evolved from being a newly-commercialized resource in the 1990ies to a global network. And it has become a critical infrastructure for our political, economic and social lives. All electronic communication these days is migrating to Internet protocol-based communication networks, raising new challenges in various areas like security, privacy, law enforcement, standardisation and regulation. If we want the internet to keep its open and global nature and prevent fragmentation, we cannot escape from setting globally accepted and binding rules.|
|47||Marcel Neuber||HL komm Telekommunikations GmbH, Germany||Business||Tablet computer at school||How tablets and teaching apps make learning a better way? Which apps are the right ones? Are our teachers ready for the new way of learning/teaching? Who pays the bill? HL komm is a common carrier (internet Provider) and a wifi partner. We have the possibility to connect schools to the faster Internet. We are interested in the future of our educational system and want to be a part of this. In the Netherlands there is a Project calls Steve Jobs Schools - is this the future of our educational System?||(much reference to company marketing)|
|52||Marianne Franklin||IRP Coalition - UN IGF||Civil society||1) Rights and Responsibilities Online after Snowden: From Principles to Practice -- How to move from broad principles to specific practices for lawmaking & enforcement: for e.g. pursuing criminal activities, commercial 3rd party services, public services such as housing or health.||This theme looks at how international legal principles of balance, necessity and proportionality can be translated into law-making and enforcement scenarious. How and where do real-life law enforcement scenarios limit freedom of expression, association, or privacy? What can different standpoints reveal about proportionate or disproportionate responses? Are there limits to the need to know, to preventative enforcement based on predictive algorithms; when are specific types of data retention for justified, if at all, when pursuing alleged criminal activities online? Are there adequate legal-ethical frameworks to monitor these decisions, and for redress? What are the limits to meta-data and user data retention for commercial and governmental forms of service provision?|
|53||Marianne Franklin||IRP Coalition - UN IGF||Civil society||2) Right to Access: Accessibility by Design for Internet Users with Disabilities -- A closer look at the EU Accessibility Act and its implications for procurement decisions, emplacement and financing of “disability-proof” internet access at all levels.||.Broaden the understanding and definition of inclusiveness and disadvantaged groups to include: gender and sexual minorities, indigenous populations, oral communities, the homeless, youth, remote participants, and the elderly.
-identify the role of end users in discussions, research, and design of accessibility technology and policy in order to best identify how tangible needs, problems and solutions intersect among marginalized groups.
-ways to coordinate between policy makers, ministries, designers, users, and effected populations.
|55||Yuliya Morenets||TaC-Together against Cybercrime International, France||Civil society||Internet and social aspects -- Social responsibility of actors; The role of private sector; Disadvantaged groups in the Information Society & HR.||We recommend discussing the issue of social responsibility of different actors in the Information Society, especially with regard to disadvantaged groups. We propose to engage in a close discussion with private sector and launch a multi-stakeholder dialogue on what needs to be done and how we could achieve the objective of better integration of vulnerable/disadvantaged groups in the Information Society in the respect of human rights and fundamental principles.|
|58||Jorge Fernandes||FCT- Department of Information Society (Ministry of Education and Science), Portugal||Govern. Org.||How to improve web accessibility in the EU? A common observatory could be the next step? Is the EN 301549 "Accessibility requirements for public procurement of ICT products and services in Europe" the section 508 of Europe? Why Web accessibility levels are so low in Europe?||14 years after the Summit of Feira in 2000 - Portuguese EU Presidency - (eEurope2002) we can say that the way how ME approach the Web accessibility issue wasn’t effective. The Draft EN 301549 "Accessibility requirements for public procurement of ICT products and services in Europe" that is going put to vote in the beginning of 2014, places again the issue of the ICT public procurement. It’s about tread a path already experienced in the USA with the "section 508 of the ADA" that it seems to have brought good results, but not in the Web issue. Concerning Web more pragmatism is needed. Is it necessary to put the emphasis on the analysis methodology, on the monitoring and in a kind of common observatory system in permanence?|
|60||Jorge Fernandes||FCT- Department of Information Society (Ministry of Education and Science), Portugal||Govern. Org.||Switch-off of the textbooks -- The eTextBooks are potentially generators of inclusion for students with disabilities or print disabled students. Why? Is Europe preparing to switch-off the TextBooks?||The next generation of TextBooks will pass through the Internet. In Japan the switch-off is scheduled for April 2020. What about in Europe? For public with special needs in reading, the "eTextBooks" can be the step that is missing to remove this group from the classification of "Vulnerable People". The DAISY (Digital Accessible Information System) created in 1994 in Sweden, that allowed, among other things, doing a search by words in audio tracks, in 2012 achieved to merge with the ePub3, placing the accessibility technology available to the consumer mass market. The issue of the complex content digitalization, as the writing/reading of the math and music, brings new challenges.|
|61||Jorge Fernandes||FCT- Department of Information Society (Ministry of Education and Science), Portugal||Govern. Org.||Internet - the best friend of Braille in the Digital World -- Who can we blame for the low levels of braille literacy? The Internet? The ICT? A blind person who doesn’t know braille is illiterate? Does it makes sense do not learn braille in the Digital Era?||Germany is one of the countries in Europe that has more contributed for the access to the braille system: libraries with wide collections of printed Braille; manufacturers of Braille typewriters; manufacturers of Braille rotaries. But the future of the braille system doesn’t pass through the paper. The future of the braille passes through the Reading of eBraille in electronic devices. The future of the braille passes through the Internet. Is also in Germany that we can find the biggest manufacturers of electronic devices of Braille reading? Is also in Germany that universities devote their time to research new ways of reading braille in devices like tablets? In the USA only 10% of the students (K12) learn braille. Europe is better but also down.|
|63||Annnette Mühlberg||Ver.di and FifF||Civil society||Public IT infrastructure - common welfare and services for the public in the digital society||There are various public services and infrastructures run by communalities, cities and the like. We observe tendencies to outsource such services in public hand so far. But substantial questions of oversight and control of such services and infrastructures – once outsourced – are neglected and open standards are not granted any more. There should be a basic principle that services and infrastructures paid by the public need to be controlled by the public (Öffentliche Daseinsvorsorge).|
|64||Klaus Birkenbihl||Internet Society German Chapter||Technical community||Net Neutrality -- ISPs seek models to promote their own (or associate) contents and applications by providing goodies by manipulating DNS.||Goodies provided are:
better connectivity for their contents extra (free) bandwidth to access their contents - Is this in the interest of clients? - Is this a threat for a free and open net? In order to maintain and develop the Internet as an free and open infrastructure: - is there a set of minimum requirements in terms of: - fair access to the network - traffic exchange and peering with other networks - not boosting one contents or applications offer on the cost of others that ISPs should have to guarantee? Do we need regulation or will the market fix it?
|65||Klaus Birkenbihl||Internet Society German Chapter||Technical community||Privacy a fundamental human right -- "International Principles on the Application of Human Rights to Communications Surveillance"||On July 13 2013, some privacy organizations and advocates from around the globe published a paper entitled "International Principles on the Application of Human Rights to Communications Surveillance" or "Necessary and Proportionate" in short. Meanwhile hundreds of organizations signed the paper. It might be a good idea to discuss if this is an adequate answer to increased surveillance activities around the world and - if so - how to boost its impact.|
|67||Michal Pukaluk||Department of Telecommunications
Ministry of Administration and Digitization, Poland
|Govern. Org.||e-literacy||Digital Poland of Equal Opportunities – Lighthouse Keepers - Digital exclusion is still agreat problem in many countries of the world, as it undermines the development of the information society. Poland has taken many important steps aiming to combat digital exclusion. A project called ‘Digital Poland of Equal Opportunities (Polish abbreviation PCRS)’ is the best example of such action. Under the PCRS there is an initiative, coordinated by the „Cities on the Internet” Association (COI), which engages over 2700 Lighthouse Keepers of Digital Poland (LKDP). As many as 200 of them are tasked with local action plans. Since the project started, the LKDPs have conducted over 14000 meetings grouping together more than 110 thousand people all over the country.|
|74||Lee Hibbard||Council of Europe||Europ. Org.||Hacking for Internet freedom||Self-explaining ;-)|
|77||Lee Hibbard||Council of Europe||Europ. Org.||Rewiring democracy – making Internet an enabler for free speech, assembly and association||See:
|78||Lee Hibbard||Council of Europe||Europ. Org.||Creative commons – a sustainable approach to sharing information and ideas, making ownership the exception||…by providing sharing, re-mixing or other creative forms under a set of different licenses.|
|79||Lee Hibbard||Council of Europe||Europ. Org.||How to respond to hate speech online?||How to respond to hate speech online (prevention, reporting systems, legal measures...) See: http://www.nohatespeechmovement.org/|
|80||Lee Hibbard||Council of Europe||Europ. Org.||How to educate Internet users about their rights and how to effectively associate them to Internet governance?|
|83||Plamena Popova||UniBIT, Bulgaria||Academia||Re-use of public sector information in EU -- Directive 2013/37/EU of the EU Parliament and of the Council of 26 June 2013 amending Directive 2003/98/EC on the re-use of public sector information (PSI Directive) - Open Data||-Policies of EU Member States on the re-use of public sector information/Implementation of PSI Directive
-Choice/Use of Licenses (CC0, CCby etc)
-Open Data - trends and issues
-Access to public sector information/open data
|90||Enrico Gerstmann||Youth||How far should media savvy be an issue in education / schools?||Young people often don't know the consequences using the Internet. For example they upload pictures of themselves, but also of friends and even of strangers or celebrities. Problems with the law could have serious results of that behaviour. What should also be mentioned is the necessity of data protection. Youth can't imagine how much information of behaviour is actually saved.|
|91||Nadine Karbach||IJAB e.V. & Youth IGF Germany||Youth||Issue of Privacy vs. Democracy / eParticipation for young people
Tags: Freedom of expression, digital participation, democracy, empowerment, privacy
|Young people hear they shall be careful about the messages they post online, as it remains on the net forever. At the same time young people are asked to participate and voice their ideas to contribute to public opinion and digital participation. This difficult balance has been put on the table rarely and has been voiced hesitantly, yet puts a relevant and upcoming issue in the center.
Q: The proposal aims to identify and explore whether young people see the same dilemma and how they cope with it
Q: Perceptions and the role of anonymity/pseudonymity could be mapped and discussed.
|94||Mathias Schindler||Wikimedia Germany||Civil society||Government Works / Open Government Data
1) Legal foundation of the copyright status of government works
2) Legal mechanisms for the access to government works
|Despite international and regional efforts to elevate the level of access to Government information, the situation as of 2013 is still far from satisfactory. Implementation requirements of the 2013 EU Public Sector Information Directive will provide an opportunity to both strengthen the right to re-use Government Information as well as to start a conversation to the justification of copyright protection for government works as such.|